There is a general feeling that religion and science are two very different—even opposite—things. This notion is not true; in fact, they may go hand-in-hand to help and improve the life of mankind. In pursuit of spiritual knowledge and wisdom, ancient sages of India made many heroic efforts. Several offshoots of these explorations resulted in the establishment of different fields of secular sciences, which have remained bonded with religion over the millennia.
The ancient Hindu scriptures of the Vedas clearly indicated this trend. Each major Veda has a secondary Veda, which deals with science or another subject of humanity. Rig Veda has the Upaveda ‘ayurveda’, which deals with the sciences of medicine and health. Yajurveda has the Upaveda ‘dhanuveda’, which deals with archery and the military. Samaveda has the Upaveda ‘gandharvaveda’, which deals with music. And Atharveda has the Upaveda ‘sthapathyaveda’, which deals with astronomy, astrology, engineering, and mathematics.
Since its conception, the Hindu religion has enjoyed great harmony and agreement with “Science”. In fact, spiritual pursuits often went hand-in-hand with secular interests. The fall out after the excessive struggle between Religion and Science in Christianity did not spare Hinduism either. Even so in Hindu society, the two are not totally antagonist now, nor of course is there any direct and deep association. The two seem to be quite independent of each other.
The world has now shown much interest in India’s ancient philosophies. A number of studies have pointed attention to subjects like Yoga, Meditation, Ayurveda, and Astronomy etc. to show how these disciplines have stood the critical test of modern science very ably.