In Hindu scriptures, terms like “consciousness,” “divine wisdom,” “Brahman,” and many others are liberally used. These words convey nearly the same meaning in common use, but they have remained somewhat abstract for majority of the people. As Pure Consciousness, God is the manifest primal substance, as infinite intelligence and power. Hindu sages realized God or the Divine as a phenomenon either without any form (nirguna) or as manifesting in various forms (saguna). They realized that there is but one Divine for all beings, as well as for the nonbeings. It is immanent, transcendental, and universal and is present in all places in the entire cosmos. The sum total of all energy and consciousness is perceived as God. Hindus believe different names of gods are merely icons in the infinite divine spectrum.
According to Hindu philosophy, “consciousness” is primarily inactive (purusha). This comes in contact with the active component called the prakruti–the primordial materiality of nature.
Human beings are born with three basic characters of nature called the gunas:
Sattivic, which represents purity
Rajasic, which represents activity
Tamsic, which represents dullness or inertia
Albeit the concepts of Soul, Consciousness, etc. are firmly believed and accepted in Hindu philosophy, they still remain rather unresolved by modern science. These metaphysical spiritual concepts lie beyond the current paradigms of science. Even so, several other Hindu views and philosophies like “vegetarianism”, “environment protection”, “meditation” etc. are being gradually embraced and respected by the world at large. There is a great possibility that further advancement in technologies may indeed uncover scientific clues to these unresolved metaphysical secrets of Hinduism.